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GERMAN EMPIRE
POSTCARDS
1890

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For postcards of the German Empire the cardboard was supplied by multiple sources and in order to keep a check on the quality, a system of dots was used from 1876 onwards, which enabled tracing of the source. Initially a gap was added to the left-hand or the right-hand end of the 4th address line. From 1879 onwards the system was enhanced by removing dots from either the left-hand or right-hand side at the 5th, 15th, 20th, 25th or 30th position on the 4th address line. From 1890 the dot position also corresponded to the letter following the print date at the bottom right-hand corner, e.g. 5th dot = 'a', 15th dot = "b" etc.

From 1894 the control data for the 5Pf cards was changed from dots to a watermark. The watermark also contains data for the print factory and date of printing. The month of printing is determined by dots in the first and second lines of the address.

For the 2Pf cards the paper factory could initially be determined by dots in the lower right-hand corner, however this was dropped in 1900 when all control data was removed.

From 1906 until 1914 the watermark was used to determine year of printing as well as the paper mill (Roman numberal) for 2Pf and 5Pf cards.

Note there are also gaps in the address lines that do not appear to have any meaning.

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MICHEL P24 to P27
(CROWN / EAGLE)

Changed numerals and lower case letters now for all cards control codes, for double cards only on the question part of the card has print control date data. Address form with a narrow dot line spacing (10: 11: 11mm); with point gap.

The 10Pf postcards below exist with any one of four types of border. The images below can be used to determine the border type.

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MICHEL P24

Issued 1890.

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Michel P24
5Pf green stamp

Valid control Codes:
P24: 890 (b, c, i, l), 990 (a, b, c, d, k), 1090 (a, b, c, g, i), 1190 (a, b, c, f, g, i), 1290 (b, c, f, g, i, k, m), 191 (a, b, f, g, i, k), 291 (a, b, c, f, g, m), 391 (b, d, f, g, m)

P24 Fd: 1190 (R5), 1290 (L10, L15), 191 (R5,), 291 (R5)

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MICHEL P25

Issued 1890. Very similar to P21 but now with print control data numbers and lower case letters for all cards. Address form with a narrow dot line spacing (10: 11: 11mm) with dot gap. There are two variations for this card depending on the frame type. P25/01 has frame type 'a' and P25/02 has frame type 'b' (see description above).

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Michel P25 Type 'b'
10Pf carmine stamp
397f

Valid Control Codes:
P25/01: 1290 i; 191 g,i; 291 c,f; 491 a,l; 791 a,b,f,g,k; 891 b,c; 1091 c,f,i,m; 1191 d,m; 192 a,b,f; 292 b; 592 a,f,g; 692 a; 892 a,g; 992 b,m; 1192 f,g,i; 1292 a,c,f; 493 a; 593 a,c; 693 a,c; 993 f,m; 1093 a; 1293 b,k; 194 i; 794 b,c; 894 c; 1094 a,m; 1294 a; 195 a,m; 395 g; 495 g,i,m; 595 i

P25/02: 1094 a,m; 1294 a; 195 a,m; 395 g; 495 g,i,m; 595 i; 895 a,f; 1095 f; 1195 f; 396 f; 596 f; 696 f; 1196 f; 397 f; 797 f; 1197 f; 198 f; 598 f; 698 f; 798 f; 898 f and 998 f.

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MICHEL P26
(REPLY CARD)

Issued 1890.

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Michel P26
Reply Card
2x 5Pf green stamp

Valid Control Codes:
P26: all with the letter 'f' - 890, 990, 1090, 1190, 1290, 191, 291 and 391.

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MICHEL P27
(REPLY CARD)

Issued 1889. P27 can have any one of 3 of the possible frame border types described above. P27/01 with frame type a/c, P27/02 with frame type b/d and P27/03 with frame type b/c.

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Michel P27
Reply Card
2x 10Pf carmine stamp
Valid Control Codes:
P27/01: all with letter 'f' - 990, 1290, 291, 991, 1192, 494, 794 and 1194.
P27/02: all with letter 'f' - 395, 1295, 596, 1096 and 897.
P27/03: all with letter 'f' - 1096, 698, 596.

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ROHRPOSTUMSCHLÄGE
(ROHRPOST ENVELOPE)

MICHEL RU2
(ROHRPOSTUMSCHLÄGE)

The earliest known usage of this envelope is Mar 1890. This Rohrpost envelope features a 'Large Eagle in Circle' 30Pf dark blue stamp and the envelope measures 126 x 81mm. The inside of the envelope has a rose coloured inside.

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Michel RU2
30Pf dark blue stamp


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This page was last updated
21-Nov-2020 09:51