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GERMAN EMPIRE
POSTCARDS
1899

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For postcards of the German Empire the cardboard was supplied by multiple sources and in order to keep a check on the quality, a system of dots was used from 1876 onwards, which enabled tracing of the source. Initially a gap was added to the left-hand or the right-hand end of the 4th address line. From 1879 onwards the system was enhanced by removing dots from either the left-hand or right-hand side at the 5th, 15th, 20th, 25th or 30th position on the 4th address line. From 1890 the dot position also corresponded to the letter following the print date at the bottom right-hand corner, e.g. 5th dot = 'a', 15th dot = "b" etc.

From 1894 the control data for the 5Pf cards was changed from dots to a watermark. The watermark also contains data for the print factory and date of printing. The month of printing is determined by dots in the first and second lines of the address.

For the 2Pf cards the paper factory could initially be determined by dots in the lower right-hand corner, however this was dropped in 1900 when all control data was removed.

From 1906 until 1914 the watermark was used to determine year of printing as well as the paper mill (Roman numberal) for 2Pf and 5Pf cards.

Note there are also gaps in the address lines that do not appear to have any meaning.

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--- OFFICIAL POSTCARDS ---

MICHEL P43
POSTCARD
GERMANIA

Published 28th Dec 1899. Format 140 x 90mm. Special postcard issued to celebrate the turn of the century. The value stamp is a pre-printed Germania 5Pf stamp inscribed "REICHSPOST", with decorations (laurel branches around the value stamp). The design on the lefthand side depicts the year "1900", in front of a sun emerging from the clouds.

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This card exists with two variations of the word 'Wohnung". Type I and II.

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Type I
Two horns on the 'g' and
left arm of 'W' curves slightly to the right at the top
Type II
One horn on the 'g' and
left arm of 'W' does not curve to the right at the top


Each Wohungstype also has two major varieties of the design: Type 'A' the sun has a smooth, rounded disc. Type 'B' has a 'dent' above the second '0' of '1900'. There are also five sub-types: a) the final '0' of '1900' has two lines at the top. b) like 'a' but only one ray, touching half the shadow line. c) The first two rays at the top end at half the shadow line of the second zero. d) the shadow line of the '1' is closed at the bottom right. e) the shadow line of the '1' is open at the bottom right.

WOHUNGSTYPE I

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Type 'P43-I-Bbd'
Type 'P43-I-Bbe'


WOHUNGSTYPE II

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Type 'P43-II-Aad'
Type 'P43-II-Aae'

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Type 'P43-II-Abd'
Type 'P43-II-Ace'

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Type 'P43-II-Bbd'
Type 'P43-II-Bbe'


MICHEL A12
POSTANWEISUNGEN
(POSTAL ORDER)

MICHEL A12
(EAGLE in CIRCLE)

Issued: 1899. "Post=Anweisung". Changed form. On the section only "Absender"; "auf ... Mark ... Pf." beginning directly next to the vertical dividing line, fee tariff on the back.

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Michel A12
20Pf blue stamp


MICHEL K8
LETTERCARD
(KARTENBRIEF)

Issued 1899. As for 1897 issue Michel K7 but now with an open "K" in the overcut.

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MICHEL K8
10Pf Carmine


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This page was last updated
15-Dec-2020 08:57