Scott 819Issued 6th Oct 1938. Rotary Press Printed on unwatermarked paper and perf 11:10½. This stamp features Franklin Pierce (23rd Mar 1804 - 8th Oct 1869), the 14th President of the USA (4th Mar 1853 - 4th Mar 1857).
Franklin Pierce was the 14th president of the United States (1853–1857), a northern Democrat who saw the abolitionist movement as a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation. He alienated anti-slavery groups by championing and signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act, yet he failed to stem conflict between North and South, setting the stage for Southern secession and the American Civil War.
As president, Pierce simultaneously attempted to enforce neutral standards for civil service while also satisfying the diverse elements of the Democratic Party with patronage, an effort which largely failed and turned many in his party against him. He was a Young America expansionist who signed the Gadsden Purchase of land from Mexico and led a failed attempt to acquire Cuba from Spain
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