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WEIMAR REPUBLIC
STAMPS
1923

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The Weimar Republic stamps of 1923 reveal a fascinating insight into the meltdown of the German economy which had started 2 years earlier in 1921. In 1923 things went massively out of control as hyperinflation ravaged the country. The cost to send a postcard abroad rose from 15Pf in October 1919 to 200 billion Marks by 1st Dec 1923, an unbelievable increase in the price of a stamp. Despite this huge increase, letters and postcards remained the principal form of communication for families and friends both inside the country and overseas. For more information on this fascinating subject check out hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic on Wikipedia.

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MICHEL 258 to 260
RHEIN-and-RUHR ASSISTANCE

Issued: 19th Feb 1923. These stamps are the same as Michel 238, Michel 242 and Michel 196 but now with black typography 'Rhein=Ruhr=hilfe' overprint. Sheets (10x10), Waffle (network) watermark. Michel 258 and 259 are perf K14:14¼, Michel 260 is perf K14.

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Mi 258
100 Mark on 5 Mark
dark orange (shades)
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Mi 259
500 Mark on 25 Mark
dark ochre-brown
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Mi 260
1000 Mark on 20 Mark
dark lilac-ultramarine / light grey-green
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MICHEL 261 and 262
WARTBURG CASTLE and COLOGNE CATHEDRAL

Issued: May/Jul 1923. Regular issue Wartburg Castle and Cologne Cathedral. Produced by the Government Printing Office, engraved Michel 261 (5x10), Michel 262 (10x5), Michel 261 vertical waffle (network) watermark, Michel 262 horizontal waffle (network) watermark. Perf K14.

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Mi 261
5000 Mark
black-blue
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Mi 262
10000 Mark
bright grey-brown
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MICHEL 263 to 267
AIRMAIL ISSUE
WOOD PIGEON (III)

Issued: May/Jun 1923. Wood Pigeon (III), designed by Prof. Aufseesser, typography (10x5 + 10x5 horizontal gutter between). Watermarked waffle (network) and perf K13:13¾. The design is the same as the 1922 Michel 210 to 218 (I) and Michel 235 to 237 (II) issues but now with new colours and values.

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Mi 263
5 Mark
dark vermillion
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Mi 264
10 Mark
blackish-grey-purple
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Mi 265
25 Mark
dark sienna
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Mi 266
100 Mark
blackish-grey-olive to blackish-brownish-olive
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Mi 267
200 Mark
blackish-violet to black-violet
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MICHEL 268 to 273
REGULAR ISSUE 'NUMBER in CIRCLE'

Issued: Mar/Aug 1923. Regular Issue 'Number in Circle'. Printed typography on sheets (10x10) and coils with waffle (network) watermark. Perf 14:14¼.

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Mi 268
100 Mark
dark to blackish-grey-purple
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Mi 269
200 Mark
lilac-red
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Mi 270
300 Mark
blackish-yellowish-green
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Mi 271
400 Mark
black to blackish-orange-brown
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Mi 272
500 Mark
dark vermillion
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Mi 273
1000 Mark
dark brown-violet to grey-violet
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MICHEL 274 to 276
REGULAR ISSUE 'NUMBER in CIRCLE'

Issued: 15th to 20th Sep. Regular Issue 'Number in Circle'. Printed typography on sheets (10x10) with waffle (network) watermark. Perf K14:14¼.

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Mi 274
5 Tausend Mark
Medium blue-green
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Mi 275
50 Tausend Mark
dark ochre
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Mi 276
75 Tausend Mark
dark brown-violet to grey-violet
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PROVISIONAL ISSUES of the HIGH INFLATION PERIOD
24th Aug to 30th Nov 1923

This period represents the height of the hyper-inflationary period in Germany and can be seen in the almost weekly increases in postal rates, leaving large reserves of already printed stamps unusable.

In order to resolve this problem the Government Printing Office was tasked with overprinting existing stocks of unused stamps. However the demand was so high that the Reich's Ministry of Post had to authorise regional post offices to assist with the task. Locally produced sheets can be recognised by the different overprints on the upper margin, although this is more difficult with individual stamps (hence why some collectors prefer to collect upper margin examples).

The overprint fonts themselves do not vary as the templates were provided by the Reich's Ministry of Post, so they are all the same. However some font defects are common to certain Post Office's printings and so can be used to determine where a certain stamp was printed. In addition minor differences in the overprinted ink colour and 'glossiness' can help to determine the source.

MICHEL 277 to 296
REGULAR ISSUE "NUMBER in RECTANGLE"
"CIRCLE" and "WORKER"

Issued: 24th Aug / end Sep 1923. Regular Issue partial or new issues, "Number in Rectangle", "Worker" and "Number in Circle" in previously unissued colours and now with glossy or dull typography overprint of the new value in black (Michel 277 to 284, 286 to 289 and 291 to 296), dark violet ultramarine (Michel 285) or black-green (Michel 290). All waffle (network) watermark except Michel 287X which is watermark diamond (lozenge) and all perf 14:14¼.

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Mi 277
5 Tausend on 42Pf
reddish-orange to yellowish-red
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Mi 278
8 Tausend on 30Pf
dark to blackish-opal-green
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Mi 279
15 Tausend on 40 Mark
black-opal-green
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Mi 280
20 Tausend on 12 Mark
orange-red
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Mi 281
20 Tausend on 25 Mark
dark ochre-brown
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Mi 282
20 Tausend on 200 Mark
lilac-red
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Mi 283
25 Tausend on 25 Mark
dark ochre-brown
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Mi 284
30 Tausend on 10 Mark
dark grey-ultramarine
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Mi 285
30 Tausend on 200 Mark
medium to bright greenish-blue
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Mi 286
75 Tausend on 300 Mark
dark yellowish-green
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Mi 287
75 Tausend on 400 Mark
dark yellowish-green to dark olive-green
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Mi 288
75 Tausend on 1000 Mark
green to dark yellow-green
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Mi 289
100 Tausend on 100 Mark
dark to blackish-grey-purple
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Mi 290
100 Tausend on 400 Mark
green
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Mi 291
125 Tausend on 1000 Mark
medium rose to grey-red
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Mi 292
250 Tausend on 200 Mark
lilac-red
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Mi 293
250 Tausend on 300 Mark
blackish-yellowish-green
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Mi 294
250 Tausend on 400 Mark
dark to blackish-orange-brown
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Mi 295
250 Tausend on 500 Mark
light to medium lilac-red
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Mi 296
250 Tausend on 500 Mark
dark vermillion
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MICHEL 297 to 300
REGULAR ISSUE 'NUMBER in RECTANGLE'

Issued: 1st Oct 1923. New issues of 'Number in Rectangle' (Michel 160 thru 163) in different colours with dark to black-brown overprint. Printed typography on sheets (10x10) with waffle (network) watermark and serrated perforation approximately 13½.

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Mi 297
400 Tausend on 15Pf
dark to black-yellow-ochre
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Mi 298
400 Tausend on 25Pf
dark to black-yellow-ochre
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Mi 299
400 Tausend on 30Pf
dark to black-yellow-ochre
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Mi 300
400 Tausend on 40Pf
dark to black-yellow-ochre
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MICHEL 301 to 312
REGULAR ISSUE 'NUMBER in RECTANGLE'

Issued: end Sep / 22nd Oct 1923. Part of Issue from Michel 269 thru 271 and new stamp issue 'Number in Rectangle' and 'Number in Circle' now in different colours. Printed typography on waffle (network) watermark paper. There are two types: Type 'A' perf 14:14¼ and Type 'B' serrated 13 (approximately) only on Michel 303 and 305 to 310.

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Mi 301
800 Tausend on 5Pf
dark yellowish-green
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Mi 302
800 Tausend on 10Pf
dark yellowish-green
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Mi 303
800 Tausend on 200 Mark
lilac-red
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Mi 304
800 Tausend on 300 Mark
dark yellowish-green
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Mi 305
800 Tausend on 400 Mark
dark to black-orange-brown
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Mi 306
800 Tausend on 400 Mark
yellowish-green
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Mi 307
800 Tausend on 500 Mark
yellowish-green
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Mi 308
800 Tausend on 1000 Mark
bright to blackish-yellowish-green
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Mi 309
2 Mullioned on 200 Mark
grey-red to dark grey-red
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Mi 310
2 Mullioned on 300 Mark
black-yellow-green
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Mi 311
2 Mullioned on 500 Mark
bright grey-red
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Mi 312
2 Mullioned on 5000 Mark
bright brownish-red
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MICHEL 313 to 324
REGULAR ISSUE
'DENOMINATION in CIRCLE with ROSETTE'

Issued: 9th Oct / 24th Nov 1923. Regular Issue 'Denomination in Circle with Rosette', sometimes called basket lid as the rosette somewhat resembles the lid of a wicker-work basket. Printed typography on sheets (10x10) with waffle (network) watermark. There are two types of printing: Type P = Flat Plate printing and Type W = Rotary Press printing. There are also two variations in the perfs: Type 'A' perf 14:14¼ and Type 'B' serrated 13 (approximately).

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Mi 313
500 Tausend Mark
blackish-orange-brown
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Mi 314
1 Million Mark
bright blue-green
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Mi 315
2 Mullioned Mark
dark to blackish-grey-purple
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Mi 316
4 Mullioned Mark
greenish-olive
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Mi 317
5 Mullioned Mark
bright lilac-red
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Mi 318
10 Mullioned Mark
dark to blackish-vermillion
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Mi 319
20 Mullioned Mark
dark violet-ultramarine
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Mi 320
30 Mullioned Mark
dark carmine-brown
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Mi 321
50 Mullioned Mark
dark green-olive
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Mi 322
100 Mullioned Mark
dark greenish-grey
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Mi 323
200 Mullioned Mark
bright to dark-ochre-brown
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Mi 324
500 Mullioned Mark
dark to blackish-olive-yellow
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Mi 325
1 Milliarde Mark
dark sienna
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Mi 326
2 Milliradian Mark
dull sienna / dark green
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Mi 327
5 Milliradian Mark
bright yellowish-orange / sienna
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Mi 328
10 Milliradian Mark
blackish-green-yellow
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Mi 329
20 Milliradian Mark
dark opal-green
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Mi 330
50 Milliradian Mark
bright cobalt-blue
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MICHEL 331
REGULAR ISSUE 'NUMBER in CIRCLE'

Issued: 7th Nov 1923. Regular Issue 'Number in Circle', only printed in Munich. Part of Issue from Michel 268 with black typography overprint.

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Mi 331
1 Milliarde on 100 Mark
dark to blackish grey purple
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MICHEL 332 to 337
REGULAR ISSUE
'NUMBER in CIRCLE with ROSETTE'

Issued: 16th to 23rd Nov 1923. Regular Issue 'Number in Circle with Rosette'. Part of Issue from Michel 315, 316, 318, 319, 321 and 322 with black Typography overprint and new denomination and new dashed bar on bottom.

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Mi 332
5 Milliradian on 2 Mullioned Mark
dark grey-purple
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Mi 333
5 Milliradian on 4 Mullioned Mark
greenish-olive
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Mi 334
5 Milliradian on 10 Mullioned Mark
dark to blackish-vermillion
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Mi 335
10 Milliradian on 20 Mullioned Mark
violet-ultramarine
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Mi 336
10 Milliradian on 50 Mullioned Mark
dark green-olive
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Mi 337
10 Milliradian on 100 Mullioned Mark
dark green-grey
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REGIONAL DIRECTOR of POSTS (OPD) PRINTINGS
SO-CALLED 'LOCAL PRINTINGS'

In Sep 1923 the devaluation of the currency led to the Government Printing Office authorising eleven regional Directors of Post to overprint their inventories of stamps. Templates were provided to the regional offices and as before the regional versions of stamp sheets are primarily recognised by their upper margin, overprint colours or plate flaws. For more information see the individual stamp details.

MICHEL 338 to 343
DEFINITIVE STAMPS
'NUMBER in CIRCLE with ROSETTE'

Issued: 1st Dec 1923. Regular Issue 'Number in Circle" with Rosette'. Printed on sheets (10x10) and rolls with Network (lozenge) watermark perf K14:14. there were two types of overprint printing; Type P - Flat Plate printing and Type W - Rotary Press printing. The image size differs for the two types as follows: Type P measures 17.9 x 21.5mm and Type W measures 18.2 x 22.2mm. There are strong colour deviations for all values (stamp image not the value number). New currency, the Rentenmark, later to become the Reichsmark.

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Mi 338
3Pf
dark orange-brown
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Mi 339
5Pf
dark green
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Mi 340
10Pf
blackish-pink-red
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Mi 341
20Pf
ultramarine
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Mi 342
50Pf
dark red-orange
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Mi 343
100Pf
blackish-violet-purple
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OFFICIAL STAMPS

From 1st Apr 1920 all State Agencies were required to frank their mail with special Official Stamps. Empire Agencies were also required to do the same from 1st Jul 1920. During the hyper-inflation period of 1923 government agencies were permitted to use regular issue stamps due to the difficulty in obtaining Official stamps.

MICHEL 75 To 88
DIENSTMARKE OVERPRINT

Issued: End May 1923. Official stamps part of regular issues 'Worker', 'Number in Circle', and 'Numbers in Circle with Rosette' stamps overprinted with black serpentine typographic 'Dienstmarke'.

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Mi 75
20 Mark
medium to bright brown-lilac
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Mi 76
30 Mark
blackish to black-grey-olive
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Mi 77
40 Mark
blackish-green
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Mi 78
200 Mark
lilac-red
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Mi 79
300 Mark
blackish-yellowish-green
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Mi 80
400 Mark
dark to blackish-orange-brown
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Mi 81
500 Mark
dark vermillion
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Mi 82
100 Mullioned Mark
dark greenish-grey
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Mi 83
200 Mullioned Mark
dark ochre-brown
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Mi 84
2 Milliradian Mark
dull sienna-black-green
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Mi 85
5 Milliradian Mark
bright yellowish-orange
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Mi 86
10 Milliradian Mark
blackish-green-yellow
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Mi 87
20 Milliradian Mark
dark opal-green
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Mi 88
50 Milliradian Mark
bright cobalt-blue
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MICHEL 89 to 98
VALUE OVERPRINTED in BLACK

Issued: End Aug/Oct 1923. Official stamps part of issue from official stamps (Michel 24, 25, 27, 33, 69, 73 and 74) with black typography overprint of new denomination. All stamps with diamond / lozenge watermark except Michel 94 and 97 now with waffle / network watermark.

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Mi 89
5 Tausend Mark on 5 Mark
blackish-sienna on light grey-yellow
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Mi 90
20 Tausend Mark on 30Pf
dark red-orange on dull yellowish-orange
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Mi 91
75 Tausend Mark on 50 Mark
blackish-violet-purple on medium reddish-carmine
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Mi 92
100 Tausend Mark 15Pf
dark carmine-brown
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Mi 93
250 Tausend Mark on 10Pf
lilac-red
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Mi 94
400 Tausend Mark on 15Pf
dark lilac-brown
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Mi 95
800 Tausend Mark on 30Pf
dark red-orange on dull yellowish-orange
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Mi 96
1 Million Mark on 75Pf
dark violet-ultramarine
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Mi 97
2 Mullioned Mark on 10Pf
lilac-red
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Mi 98
5 Mullioned Mark on 100 Mark
lilac-red
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MICHEL 99 to 104
'DIENSTMARKE' OVERPRINT

Issued: 1st Dec 1923. Official stamps using Michel 338 to 343 ('Number in Circle with Rosettes') with black serpentine 'Dienstmarke' overprint. New currency, the Rentenmark, later to become the Reichsmark.

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Mi 99
3 Pf
dark orange-brown
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Mi 100
5Pf
dark green
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Mi 101
10Pf
blackish-pink-red
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Mi 102
20Pf
dark lilac-ultramarine
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Mi 103
50Pf
dark red-orange
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Mi 104
100Pf
blackish-violet-purple
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This page was last updated
08-Jul-2020 02:18